Does Calcium Morphology Matter? Coronary IVL Real World Experience from Europe
In this webcast recorded at TCT 2022, Prof. Javier Escaned and Dr. Nieves Gonzalo from Clinico San Carlos Madrid, and Dr. Angela McInerney, from University Hospital Galway, share their experience with IVL and the results from their most recent studies.
Dr. Mclnerney discusses about the results of a multicentre prospective study conducted within 14 centres in Spain to evaluate IVL in real-world scenarios and to compare MSA post IVL in different calcium morphologies. The results show that IVL is very effective across all calcium morphologies as there was no significant difference in MSE across concentric, eccentric and nodular calcium.
Dr. Gonzalo speaks about a multicentre study conducted in 2 large centres in Spain, with the objective of evaluating the long-term angiographic results following IVL, assess changes in MSA and study patterns of vessel healing after IVL treatment and understand the durability of the therapy. Results from this study showed that MLD and MSA are both maintained at follow up, with a low percentage of restenosis, no signs of recoil, and complete healing of the IVL-induced cracks.
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Prof. Javier Escaned, Dr. Nieves Gonzalo, and Dr. Angela Mclnerney are paid consultants for Shockwave Medical.
See Important Safety Information below.
Important Safety Information
Coronary Important Safety Information:
In the United States: Rx only.
Indications for Use—The Shockwave Intravascular Lithotripsy (IVL) System with the Shockwave C2 Coronary IVL Catheter is indicated for lithotripsy-enabled, low-pressure balloon dilatation of severely calcified, stenotic de novo coronary arteries prior to stenting.
Contraindications—The Shockwave C2 Coronary IVL System is contraindicated for the following: This device is not intended for stent delivery. This device is not intended for use in carotid or cerebrovascular arteries.
Warnings— Use the IVL Generator in accordance with recommended settings as stated in the Operator’s Manual. The risk of a dissection or perforation is increased in severely calcified lesions undergoing percutaneous treatment, including IVL. Appropriate provisional interventions should be readily available. Balloon loss of pressure was associated with a numerical increase in dissection which was not statistically significant and was not associated with MACE. Analysis indicates calcium length is a predictor of dissection and balloon loss of pressure. IVL generates mechanical pulses which may cause atrial or ventricular capture in bradycardic patients. In patients with implantable pacemakers and defibrillators, the asynchronous capture may interact with the sensing capabilities. Monitoring of the electrocardiographic rhythm and continuous arterial pressure during IVL treatment is required. In the event of clinically significant hemodynamic effects, temporarily cease delivery of IVL therapy.
Precautions— Only to be used by physicians trained in angiography and intravascular coronary procedures. Use only the recommended balloon inflation medium. Hydrophilic coating to be wet only with normal saline or water and care must be taken with sharp objects to avoid damage to the hydrophilic coating. Appropriate anticoagulant therapy should be administered by the physician. Precaution should be taken when treating patients with previous stenting within 5mm of target lesion.
Potential adverse effects consistent with standard based cardiac interventions include– Abrupt vessel closure – Allergic reaction to contrast medium, anticoagulant and/or antithrombotic therapy-Aneurysm-Arrhythmia-Arteriovenous fistula-Bleeding complications-Cardiac tamponade or pericardial effusion-Cardiopulmonary arrest-Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)-Coronary artery/vessel occlusion, perforation, rupture or dissection-Coronary artery spasm-Death-Emboli (air, tissue, thrombus or atherosclerotic emboli)-Emergency or non-emergency coronary artery bypass surgery-Emergency or non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention-Entry site complications-Fracture of the guide wire or failure/malfunction of any component of the device that may or may not lead to device embolism, dissection, serious injury or surgical intervention-Hematoma at the vascular access site(s)-Hemorrhage-Hypertension/Hypotension-Infection/sepsis/fever-Myocardial Infarction-Myocardial Ischemia or unstable angina-Pain-Peripheral Ischemia-Pseudoaneurysm-Renal failure/insufficiency-Restenosis of the treated coronary artery leading to revascularization-Shock/pulmonary edema-Slow flow, no reflow, or abrupt closure of coronary artery-Stroke-Thrombus-Vessel closure, abrupt-Vessel injury requiring surgical repair-Vessel dissection, perforation, rupture, or spasm.
Risks identified as related to the device and its use: Allergic/immunologic reaction to the catheter material(s) or coating-Device malfunction, failure, or balloon loss of pressure leading to device embolism, dissection, serious injury or surgical intervention-Atrial or ventricular extrasystole-Atrial or ventricular capture.
Prior to use, please reference the Instructions for Use for more information on warnings, precautions and adverse events. https://shockwavemedical.com/IFU
Please contact your local Shockwave representative for specific country availability and refer to the Shockwave C2 instructions for use containing important safety information.
Peripheral Important Safety Information:
In the United States: Rx only.
Indications for Use—The Shockwave Medical Intravascular Lithotripsy (IVL) System is intended for lithotripsy-enhanced balloon dilatation of lesions, including calcified lesions, in the peripheral vasculature, including the iliac, femoral, ilio-femoral, popliteal, infra-popliteal, and renal arteries. Not for use in the coronary or cerebral vasculature.
Contraindications—Do not use if unable to pass 0.014 guidewire across the lesion—Not intended for treatment of in-stent restenosis or in coronary, carotid, or cerebrovascular arteries.
Warnings—Only to be used by physicians who are familiar with interventional vascular procedures—Physicians must be trained prior to use of the device—Use the generator in accordance with recommended settings as
stated in the Operator’s Manual.
Precautions—use only the recommended balloon inflation medium—Appropriate anticoagulant therapy should be administered by the physician—Decision regarding use of distal protection should be made based on physician assessment of treatment lesion morphology.
Adverse effects–Possible adverse effects consistent with standard angioplasty include – Access site complications – Allergy to contrast or blood thinner – Arterial bypass surgery — Bleeding complications — Death — Fracture of guidewire or device — Hypertension/Hypotension — Infection/sepsis — Placement of a stent — renal failure — Shock/pulmonary edema — target vessel stenosis or occlusion — Vascular complications. Risks unique to the device and its use — Allergy to catheter material(s) — Device malfunction or failure — Excess heat at target site.
Prior to use, please reference the Instructions for Use for more information on indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions and adverse events. www.shockwavemedical.com
Please contact your local Shockwave representative for specific country availability and refer to the Shockwave S4, Shockwave M5, and Shockwave M5+ instructions for use containing important safety information.